Advancing Women’s Participation in Formal Employment in Papua New Guinea Unveiling Challenges, Barriers, and Aspirations

Case Studies

The National Employment Policy (NEP) 2021-2031 reflects Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) commitment to economic growth and development, aligning with international labour standards stated in the Employment Policy Convention, 1964 (No.122). 1 Despite this dedication, gender inequality persists in PNG’s labour market, with women facing distinct disadvantages such as underrepresentation and marginalization. While the NEP emphasizes inclusivity, it lacks specific strategies for improving conditions
for women in formal employment.

To address this, collaborative efforts among different stakeholders are essential to develop targeted strategies promoting women’s employment and ensuring equal opportunities in formal employment. This Policy Brief examines the roles and participation of women in the PNG economy, identifying barriers and support needed for success within the formal sector.

By understanding these dynamics, policymakers can implement measures to empower women and promote gender inclusivity, fostering a diverse and thriving formal employment sector. Key recommendations include strategic investments in education and skills training, building robust childcare support systems, implementing comprehensive gender-inclusive policies, fostering organizational unity, and incentivizing private business cooperation for equitable participation.

Overall, these recommendations aim to strengthen the gender component of the NEP and contribute
to inclusive and sustainable employment growth in PNG.

Published Date: February 29, 2024