Informal Sector & Property Rights
The informal economy comprises half to three-quarters of all non-agricultural employees in developing countries. In countries with large informal sectors, business activities go unrecorded, taxes are not paid, opportunities for corruption are rampant, and many citizens are not able to participate in public policymaking. Informality is a symptom of underlying institutional problems. To harness the capital locked in the informal sector, governments must offer incentives that encourage entrepreneurs to formalize, such as a simplified business registration process.
CIPE and its partners have developed key solutions that can help bring entrepreneurs into the formal economy. One of the most important factors is private property rights – in many developing countries, there is a gap between what is “on the books” and what happens in real life. To effectively reduce informality, governments must ensure that property rights are clearly defined, strongly enforced, and accessible to all citizens.
Informal Sector & Property Rights Programs at CIPE
Through its programs and international partnerships, CIPE helps formalize the informal sector and improve property rights protection in these areas:
- Raise awareness about the extent of the informal sector in economies.
- Promote reforms to remove barriers to business that fuel informality.
- Strengthen the legal framework for well-defined and enforceable property rights.
- Emphasize the need for institutions that make property rights available to all citizens.
- Empower women and other groups often excluded from formal property ownership.
- Democratic Governance
- Access to Information
- Combating Corruption
- Business Association Development
- Corporate Governance
- Legal & Regulatory Reform
- Informal Sector & Property Rights
- Corporate Citizenship (CSR)
- South Asia
- Middle East & North Africa
- Latin America & the Caribbean
The International Property Markets Scorecard maps out the ecosystem of property markets in different countries to highlight the areas of strength and weakness as well as opportunities for reform.
REFORM Toolkit: Reducing Economic Informality by Opening Access to Opportunity