Case Studies

Economía y Política: A Legislative Initiative

By Guillermo Perry, Víctor Saavedra, Omar Barreto

Since 2004, the Foundation for Higher Education and Development (Fedesarrollo) has provided legislative advisory services to Congress by offering inclusive, impartial, and comprehensive assessments of policy discussions in Colombia. Although the constitutional reform of 1991 attempted to curb executive power by creating the Constitutional Court and placing more authority in the hands of Congress, legislators lacked the analytical capacity to assume a leading role in shaping policy.

Building a Center for Corporate Governance

By Ngozika Amalu

Building strong and sound democratic institutions involves implementing corporate governance standards that establish a culture of accountability, transparency, and fairness. In 2005, the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) joined l’Institut Arabe des Chefs d’Entreprises (IACE) in a partnership that promoted good corporate governance practices and furthered awareness of corporate governance in Tunisia.

A Coalition to Improve the Entrepreneurial Environment

By Ngozika Amalu

Across Kyrgyzstan, the Bishkek Business Club (BBC) and the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) enhanced private sector participation in policymaking by uniting the business community behind an advocacy coalition. In 2007, BBC and CIPE launched the National Alliance of Business Associations (NABA), an organization of 30 business groups representing more than 2,000 companies and 80,000 entrepreneurs in Kyrgyzstan.

A Source for Policy Alternatives

By Ngozika Amalu

For two decades, the Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) has played an instrumental role in developing healthy policy discourse, strengthening legislative decision-making, and stabilizing the democratic process in Ghana. As a center for policy analysis and dialogue, the Institute has made profound contributions to the reform process and redirected laws that stood in the way of economic and social freedoms.

A Dialogue for Development

By Ngozika Amalu

For three consecutive years, from 2006 to 2009, the Nicaraguan business community has promoted investment, entrepreneurship, and economic growth by means of a National Business Agenda (NBA). In a country with a history of political polarization, this dialogue on common economic concerns has shaped a path toward better democratic governance.

The Business Principles for Countering Bribery

By Aleksandr Shkolnikov

The Business Principles for Countering Bribery (Business Principles), developed by Transparency International (TI) and Social Accountability International (SAI) in a multi-stakeholder process, have been recognized as a key global anti-corruption standard. The Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) provided support for field testing and revisions of the principles, as well as their dissemination internationally.

Tashabos: An Education in Entrepreneurship

By Xiaohang Liu

Focusing on Afghanistan’s development after decades of war, the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) has helped prepare thousands of Afghan youth to participate in the revival of their economy. Back in the 1970s, General Motors published a textbook in Spanish called Empresa: How the Private Enterprise System Works. Its goal was to teach Latin American employees the principles of market economics and free enterprise. Subsequently adopted by the U.S.

Reform of the Trade Organization Ordinance

By Kim Eric Bettcher

Recognizing the importance of the legal framework for Pakistan’s trade bodies, the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) prompted legal reform in 2006 to address the problem of overregulated, inactive chambers of commerce. As in many other countries, Pakistan’s legal system exerted strong influence on the responsiveness of chambers and associations to member needs and the quality of governance in the business community.

Overcoming Exclusion

By John Zemko, Martin Friedl

From 2004 to 2007, the National Economic Research Center (CIEN) changed the perception of the informal sector in Guatemala and influenced reforms that encouraged business registration and property formalization. Three-quarters of Guatemala’s work force, and the majority of the indigenous population, operated in the informal sector. Because the state was never designed to serve informal sector groups, it excluded them from legal, economic, and policy processes.

Fighting Corruption Through Tax Reform

By Ngozika Amalu

After the fall of the Soviet Union, a lack of transparency and accountability in the Armenian fiscal system, together with unclear and duplicative terms of taxation, allowed officials to manipulate the system while placing businesses in constant violation of ambiguous laws. Abuse of tax laws in Armenia seriously impaired the business and investment environment and stalled the democratic process.

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