Feature Service Article

International Youth Day Feature Service Articles

As part of celebrating such individuals on International Youth Day, two recent CIPE-Atlas Corps Think Tank LINKS alumnus – Fayyaz Yaseen from Pakistan and Iryna Fedets from Ukraine – analyzed two issues young people care about in their communities: youth unemployment and anti-corruption. In these CIPE Feature Service articles, the two authors explore how to bring about democratic and economic reform changes in their respective countries. Read more…

The Promise of Enterprise Cities

Shankar A. Singham, Article at a glance The process of globalization and increased rates of urbanization are forcing countries to rethink their approach to economic policy. Widespread reluctance to implement comprehensive reforms and burdensome legal and regulatory regimes are impediments to economic growth and entrepreneurship. Enterprise Cities, akin to free trade zones, are one possible solution to this problem. These are special jurisdictions with investor-friendly legal and regulatory policies that create the pre-conditions for entrepreneurship and stimulate competition-based growth. Read more…

The Implementation Gap on Access to Information in Argentina

Sandra Elena, Ana Pichon Riviere, Ana Belen Ruival, Article at a glance Argentina’s access to information law is not evenly enforced, particularly with public enterprises. Reasons for weak implementation of the law by public enterprises include: unclear language of the law allows different interpretations, insufficient regulation, and lack of commitment by public officials to abide by the law. Closing the implementation gap will require many steps, including: using international benchmarks to re-evaluate the current access to information law, improving the current administrative procedures to reporting the law, and creating institutional mechanisms to answer the requested public information in a uniformed method. Read more…

Strengthening Democracy Through Economic Freedoms in Venezuela

Jorge Roig, Article at a glance In this FEDN interview, President of the Venezuelan Federation of Chambers of Commerce Jorge Roig discusses his personal experiences with strengthening democracy through market-oriented reform. Read more…

Linking Growth and Governance for Inclusive Development and Effective International Cooperation

James Michel, Article at a glance Economic growth has long been the central focus of the study of development. However, the multiple and intimate connections among the economic, social, and political aspects of development are receiving increased attention in contemporary practice. Development is complicated. It has many economic, social, political, environmental, and security dimensions, all of which are simultaneously interacting and influencing one another. International experience and research, shared in a spirit of partnership, can provide valuable information and analytical tools that will be useful to developing countries in pursuing their own paths to sustainable development. Read more…

Economic and Democratic Reforms: The Polish Example

Andrzej Arendarski, Article at a glance Free Enterprise and Democracy Network (FEDN)member Andrzej Arendarski, co-founder and president of the Polish Chamber of Commerce and former member of the Polish Parliament, discusses his personal experiences with strengthening democracy through market-oriented reform. Read more…

Finding the Private Sector’s Voice in Iraq

Jenna Mace, Article at a glance According to CIPE’s 2012 Iraqi Business Survey, while Iraqi businessmen are guardedly optimistic about economic prospects in the country, private sector actors remain wary of a political and security environment that is unconducive to business. Surveyed businessmen identified corruption as the top non-security threat to the Iraqi private sector, with 26 percent of respondents noting that the key reason corruption prevails is that politicians condone and cover up bribes. Though business opportunities for women have expanded since 2004, more than two-thirds of surveyed businessmen indicated that women did not have equal opportunities to start businesses in Iraq. Read more…

Good Governance and Responsible Citizenship: An Interview

Dr. Jesus P. Estanislao, Article at a glance Free Enterprise and Democracy Network (FEDN) member Dr. Jesus P. Estanislao, President of the Institute for Corporate Directors and the Institute for Solidarity in Asia, discusses his personal experiences with strengthening democracy through market-oriented reform. Read more…

Understanding the Entrepreneurship Ecosystem in Tunisia and Egypt

Amr Adly, Article at a glance With the exception of information on financial barriers to growth, there is a considerable dearth of theoretical and empirical knowledge of entrepreneurship in Egypt and Tunisia and throughout the MENA region. This research effort aims to produce empirical knowledge as well as critique the conceptualizations already developed for entrepreneurship in MENA and the developing world in general. Given the structural and institutional constraints in the region, a comprehensive concept of entrepreneurship should tackle the overall ecosystem within which individual entrepreneurs and enterprises operate and examine where they interact with the regulatory, legal, and institutional frameworks. Read more…

Innovation Youth Essay Winners

Todor Raykov, Natalia Korchagina, Jones Cecil Ntaukira, These three articles were the first, second, and third place winners in the Innovation category of CIPE's 2012 Youth Essay Contest. Social Transformations: The Role of Entrepreneurs in Building Democratic Societies by Todor Raykov Article at a glance Following the difficult transition from communism to democracy, entrepreneurship is the most promising way to revive Bulgaria’s faltering economy. In Bulgaria, there is a negative connotation for entrepreneurship as many of the communist elite transformed into corrupt “entrepreneurs” post-transition. Additionally, Bulgaria faces high levels of “brain drain.” However, in recent years, the Bulgarian government has been trying to inspire a new wave of entrepreneurship with little success. In order to combat these problems, Bulgarian youth need better education along with with better job opportunities and a more welcoming environment for entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship and Innovation: Beyond Technology by Natalia Korchagina Article at a glance In Russia, there are many challenges to startups, such as a resistance to embracing technological careers by young people and universities, a desire to turn a profit quickly, a fear of failure, and a lack of knowledge or confidence in startups both by potential entrepreneurs and the market. Few young people translate their ideas to action because of risk mitigation, inexperience in innovation, and a cultural mindset in Russia to make do with what is provided, not rock the boat, and work for the collective (not private) good. Russia needs an entrepreneur ecosystem made up of investors, press and education, and young people supporting each other in their work. Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Malawi: Beyond Just Technology by Jones Cecil Ntaukira Article at a glance In Malawi, as in much of Africa, there are severe limitations placed on entrepreneurs due to the struggling economy. However, this should not prevent entrepreneurs from achieving their goals which contribute to innovative growth. Young people are the key to driving Malawi’s development, as they are the most likely to create innovative business plans. However, there are many challenges facing young entrepreneurs in Malawi, such as weak intellectual property rights, financial barriers to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), a lack of access to international markets, and a lack of business knowhow. In order to improve the situation for young entrepreneurs, mentorship and training programs in business startup skills should be created; intellectual property rights should be improved; the business registration process and taxes of SMEs should be reformed; the information and communication technology infrastructure should be improved; and the financial institutions should be more open to young entrepreneurs. Read more…

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