Feature Service Article

Using a Trade Agreement to Address Corruption

Laura B. Sherman, Article at a glance The recently negotiated World Trade Organization Trade Facilitation Agreement will simplify customs procedures. A key outcome of these changes is less opportunity for corruption related to the import and export of goods. This article discusses key Articles of the Agreement and how each one reduces corruption risk. The long phase-in approach provided for in the Agreement, the flexibility afforded to developing countries, and the opportunity for technical assistance during implementation are additional factors that encourage adoption of the Agreement. Read more…

Reforming the Entrepreneurship Ecosystem: A Study on Barriers to Growth in Tunisia and Egypt

Amr Adly, Article at a glance This article summarizes the main barriers to entry and growth as experienced by entrepreneurs and business owners in Egypt and Tunisia, and looks at regional differences within each country, differences between formal and informal enterprises, and differences by gender of business owners. Top barriers to growth in 2013 were reported to be political instability and public disorder, administrative inefficiency, and restrained access to finance. Even among formal businesses, informal mechanisms often compensate for the absence of effective state institutions and the rule of law. Administrative reforms and deeper investments in infrastructure and human capital are needed to build the business-friendly ecosystem needed to generate jobs, grow the economy, and create opportunities for all citizens Read the original Stanford study here. Read more…

Anti-Corruption Compliance: A CIPE Guide for Mid-Sized Companies in Emerging Markets

Anna Nadgrodkiewicz, Article at a glance To comply with international anti-corruption norms and regulations, the private sector must take greater responsibility in working to eliminate corruption. A strategic investment for local firms in anti-corruption compliance and effective compliance programs provide a vital competetive advantage for doing business in today’s world. To support the private sector in emerging markets, CIPE created the Anti-Corruption Compliance: A Guide for Mid-Sized Companies in Emerging Markets guidebook, geared specifically at helping local firms introduce practical yet effective anti-corruption compliance programs.  Download the guidebook discussed in this article here. Read more…

Shaping the New Development Agenda

James Michel, Article at a glance Deliberations on a new post-2015 development agenda are currently underway. These deliberations are taking into account significant changes to the field of development cooperation since the Millenium Development Goals were established. There are new questions and expectations regarding: development goals, local ownership and capacity for implementation, coherent and effective international support, and appropriate kinds and adequate amounts of financing. A major challenge will be to undertake a transformative shift toward more coherent partnerships that take into account the full array of policies, practices, and financing to accelerate progress toward agreed development goals. Read more…

The Democratic Alternative from the South

Ann Bernstein, Article at a glance In this interview, Executive Director of the Centre for Development and Enterprise (CDE) Ann Bernstein discusses the development paths of India, Brazil, and South Africa and what the experiences of these countries tell us about whether a democratic market-based alternative to increasingly popular authoritarian approaches is emerging in the developing world. Bernstein also discusses the challenges facing these democracies and the reforms needed to strengthen them. Read more…

International Youth Day Feature Service Articles

As part of celebrating such individuals on International Youth Day, two recent CIPE-Atlas Corps Think Tank LINKS alumnus – Fayyaz Yaseen from Pakistan and Iryna Fedets from Ukraine – analyzed two issues young people care about in their communities: youth unemployment and anti-corruption. In these CIPE Feature Service articles, the two authors explore how to bring about democratic and economic reform changes in their respective countries. Read more…

The Promise of Enterprise Cities

Shankar A. Singham, Article at a glance The process of globalization and increased rates of urbanization are forcing countries to rethink their approach to economic policy. Widespread reluctance to implement comprehensive reforms and burdensome legal and regulatory regimes are impediments to economic growth and entrepreneurship. Enterprise Cities, akin to free trade zones, are one possible solution to this problem. These are special jurisdictions with investor-friendly legal and regulatory policies that create the pre-conditions for entrepreneurship and stimulate competition-based growth. Read more…

The Implementation Gap on Access to Information in Argentina

Sandra Elena, Ana Pichon Riviere, Ana Belen Ruival, Article at a glance Argentina’s access to information law is not evenly enforced, particularly with public enterprises. Reasons for weak implementation of the law by public enterprises include: unclear language of the law allows different interpretations, insufficient regulation, and lack of commitment by public officials to abide by the law. Closing the implementation gap will require many steps, including: using international benchmarks to re-evaluate the current access to information law, improving the current administrative procedures to reporting the law, and creating institutional mechanisms to answer the requested public information in a uniformed method. Read more…

Strengthening Democracy Through Economic Freedoms in Venezuela

Jorge Roig, Article at a glance In this FEDN interview, President of the Venezuelan Federation of Chambers of Commerce Jorge Roig discusses his personal experiences with strengthening democracy through market-oriented reform. Read more…

Linking Growth and Governance for Inclusive Development and Effective International Cooperation

James Michel, Article at a glance Economic growth has long been the central focus of the study of development. However, the multiple and intimate connections among the economic, social, and political aspects of development are receiving increased attention in contemporary practice. Development is complicated. It has many economic, social, political, environmental, and security dimensions, all of which are simultaneously interacting and influencing one another. International experience and research, shared in a spirit of partnership, can provide valuable information and analytical tools that will be useful to developing countries in pursuing their own paths to sustainable development. Read more…

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