Feature Service Articles
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Article at a glance:
- Cambodia remains one of the least developed countries in Asia, but internet connectivity is on the rise.
- Digital tools, often inexpensive or free, can multiply the impact of advocacy and help associations run more efficiently.
- CIPE and Panoply Digital worked with Cambodian partners to identify useful online tools for advocacy and capacity development.
Public Procurement Debate in Russia
In March 2011, Russia’s Federal Anti-Monopoly Service (FAS) promised an investigation of a Russian military unit that had awarded a contract for $200 million for the maintenance of 41 Volkswagen automobiles. It was enough money to have purchased 1,000 new cars of the same kind as the 41 being maintained. The details of the transaction came to light not through a government whistleblower or muckraking journalist, but thanks to an online government database created to encourage transparency. Procurement websites maintained by the Russian government are being increasingly mined for information by Russia’s bloggers. The result is a growing public fascination with public procurement, one of the most visible realms of government spending.Read more...
There is a real danger that the search for a benevolent dictator may become a development mantra in many countries. Proponents of democracy should take notice and show that democracy is the path for sustainable development, and that there are no substitutes for institutional reforms in seeking growth and development.
The rise in interest of having a strong leader, often with unchecked power, rather than a democratic government is driven in part by the continued rapid economic growth of Asian tigers among the stagnation of economies in Western Europe and the United States.Read more...
CIPE: Women represent 70 percent of the world’s poor even though they perform over 60 percent of the world’s work. What are some of the key barriers women face in political, economic, and civic spheres that prevent them from equal participation?
Manal Omar (MO): The biggest barrier is access by women to the decision-making table. This does not just mean women’s participation in national government or representation in parliament. Such high-level inclusion is an important step but does not necessarily translate into empowering women on the ground in other spheres beyond the national political arena. Women need to be part of farmers’ collectives, business associations, labor unions, city councils, etc.
Often women are performing tasks in an informal capacity and their real contributions are not captured. Many societies use religious and cultural arguments to force women into the invisible sphere. However, over time, societies are beginning to realize they will not be able to progress without the full participation of women.Read more...
2000-2005: A Slow Start With Promising Trends
In the early part of the last decade, reformers had hoped that the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Anti-Bribery Convention would be uniformly enforced and that corporations headquartered outside the United States would begin to implement compliance and governance programs similar to those within U.S. firms. Those of us waging the battle against corruption also anticipated that the enactment of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) would keep the topic of corruption on the agenda in most international economic and trade forums, and particularly in the G-8 and G-20 meetings. There was also some expectation that the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) would more aggressively enforce the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). None of those outcomes would be realized until later in the decade.Read more...
Overcoming Legal Barriers to Women's Economic Participation
The World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report measures the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities among countries in four key categories: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment. In 2010, Pakistan ranked 132 out of the 134 countries evaluated, and scored 133rd – lower than Saudi Arabia and ahead only of Yemen – in terms of economic participation and opportunities for women.Read more...
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Call for Items
CIPE welcomes articles submitted by readers. Most articles run between 3-7 pages (1000-3000 words), but all submissions relevant to CIPE's mission of building accountable, democratic institutions through market-oriented reform will be considered based on merit. Economic Reform Feature Service articles are primarily geared toward an international, non-academic community of businesspeople, economic reformers, and policy-makers. Specific policy recommendations and articles based on direct experience are encouraged. In addition to articles, we are willing to adapt suitable lectures, speeches, research notes, and academic papers.
Articles should be sent to: firstname.lastname@example.org.