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On the occasion of the 10th anniversary of its Pakistan office, CIPE seeks both to celebrate its accomplishments and learn from the challenges of its projects. CIPE is committed to deep engagement, supporting private sector- and civil society-led programs that can advance reforms to unleash the country’s vast economic potential.
Article at a glance:
- Policy reform must be rooted in the business community and can be sustained by strong think tanks capable of monitoring and assessing government performance.
- Strengthening Pakistan’s democratic institutions must involve support for economic journalism to improve citizens’ access to information about reforms.
- Building links among Pakistani women entrepreneurs, and including them in broader regional networks, is a key factor in improving women’s lives in the country.
Corporate Governance, Scale, and Financial Inclusion
After having their first child together, Hamid and Khadeja had to move away from their coastal village to find work. Settling in the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka, Hamid eventually found work as a backup driver for a motorized rickshaw and Khadeja did occasional sewing work from home. Although they earned about $70 a month, money never flowed steadily. The couple had to find ways to bridge the good weeks and the bad.
Portfolios of the Poor: How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day, released in April 2009, offers a detailed portrait of households like Hamid and Khadeja’s. Working in South Africa, India, and Bangladesh, teams of trained researchers interviewed over 250 households at 15-day intervals for about a year each. They attempted to record every financial transaction that each household was willing to disclose – not many at first, but after enough visits the authors found they could gain enough trust to obtain a more complete account of the household cash flow.Read more...
The following set of three articles come from the winners of CIPE's 2010 International Youth Essay Contest in the category of women and participation. For more information about the essay contest, visit www.cipe.org/essay.
Prospects and Challenges in the Indian Context
Deepa Kylasam Iyer
Article at a glance
- There are three key components that need to be considered when attempting sociopolitical and economic changes for women: gender equality, empowerment, and emancipation.
- Women in India face a number of difficult practices and customs, such as child marriages, selective female abortion, and caste discrimination.
- By 2020, the author aims to develop and implement a national agenda for women, which will focus on economic policy, the legal framework, and public policy. Youth will be key activists in implementing this agenda.
Women's Participation in Kenyan Society
Claris Gatwiri Kariuki
Article at a glanceRead more...
What's Next for Tunisia and the Middle East?
In recent weeks, the Tunisian and Egyptian people have peacefully overturned decades of authoritarian rule, withstanding an onslaught of state apparatuses that have kept them in fear for decades. The new face of the Arab people – young, vibrant, educated, organized, connected, and hungry for democracy – has replaced stereotypes of a people mired in authoritarian political structures. The claims that the Arab world does not want democracy may finally be put to rest.
Subsequent calls for reform have reverberated across the Middle East – from Bahrain to Jordan, and from Lebanon to Yemen. In addition to “where next?”, the pertinent questions are whether and how these successes can be converted into real political and economic gains. Now that transitions are underway, what is next for the region? The answer depends on recognizing the importance of strengthening nascent democracies and channeling energy into real reforms.Read more...
The debate over Russia’s modernization policy and how to create a modern economic model and spur economic development began with the issue of how to modernize the country’s technical and technological infrastructure. Certainly, introducing new technological solutions – both domestic and foreign – and building a foundation for their long-term growth and adaptation are enormously important parts of this effort.
However, experience in both the Soviet and post-Soviet periods demonstrates that a policy based primarily on implanting new technological solutions and manufacturing processes into the existing management and governance practices is not a recipe for success. Perhaps the clearest example of this is the automaker AvtoVAZ, which was considered to be an advanced manufacturing facility when it was acquired by Fiat. However, in a relatively short time, AvtoVAZ has lost the manufacturing quality standards that Fiat’s plants were known for. The Russian company demonstrated a total inability to grow its capacity to design and produce new car models that reflect contemporary international trends. This became clear by the early 1990s.Read more...
Business on the Defense
Companies operating in more competitive markets are now responsible for most of what can be described as world prosperity. This is especially true in the wealthiest countries, but is also increasingly the case in those parts of the world where wealth remains rare and recent. The business contribution to economic progress arises from the ‘combination of opportunities and pressures’ that a competitive market economy generates. Ensuring that markets are really competitive and that new and small companies can enter them easily are key components of maximizing the benefits of market economies.Read more...
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Call for Items
CIPE welcomes articles submitted by readers. Most articles run between 3-7 pages (1000-3000 words), but all submissions relevant to CIPE's mission of building accountable, democratic institutions through market-oriented reform will be considered based on merit. Economic Reform Feature Service articles are primarily geared toward an international, non-academic community of businesspeople, economic reformers, and policy-makers. Specific policy recommendations and articles based on direct experience are encouraged. In addition to articles, we are willing to adapt suitable lectures, speeches, research notes, and academic papers.
Articles should be sent to: firstname.lastname@example.org.