Feature Service Articles
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Article at a glance:
- De facto states in the post-Soviet space lack international recognition and strong state structures, but survive in large part due to Russian aid, as Russia has a strategic interest in these regions.
- Any credible effort to reunify the de facto states with their parent states would require tackling pervasive corruption and criminal markets, and must also take into account ethnic and historical grievances that make reunification challenging.
- Economic relations and deeper trade ties, such as are emerging between Moldova and Transnistria, may offer hope for compromise, and could help formulate an approach to Ukraine’s relationship with Donbas.
What's Next for Tunisia and the Middle East?
In recent weeks, the Tunisian and Egyptian people have peacefully overturned decades of authoritarian rule, withstanding an onslaught of state apparatuses that have kept them in fear for decades. The new face of the Arab people – young, vibrant, educated, organized, connected, and hungry for democracy – has replaced stereotypes of a people mired in authoritarian political structures. The claims that the Arab world does not want democracy may finally be put to rest.
Subsequent calls for reform have reverberated across the Middle East – from Bahrain to Jordan, and from Lebanon to Yemen. In addition to “where next?”, the pertinent questions are whether and how these successes can be converted into real political and economic gains. Now that transitions are underway, what is next for the region? The answer depends on recognizing the importance of strengthening nascent democracies and channeling energy into real reforms.Read more...
The debate over Russia’s modernization policy and how to create a modern economic model and spur economic development began with the issue of how to modernize the country’s technical and technological infrastructure. Certainly, introducing new technological solutions – both domestic and foreign – and building a foundation for their long-term growth and adaptation are enormously important parts of this effort.
However, experience in both the Soviet and post-Soviet periods demonstrates that a policy based primarily on implanting new technological solutions and manufacturing processes into the existing management and governance practices is not a recipe for success. Perhaps the clearest example of this is the automaker AvtoVAZ, which was considered to be an advanced manufacturing facility when it was acquired by Fiat. However, in a relatively short time, AvtoVAZ has lost the manufacturing quality standards that Fiat’s plants were known for. The Russian company demonstrated a total inability to grow its capacity to design and produce new car models that reflect contemporary international trends. This became clear by the early 1990s.Read more...
Business on the Defense
Companies operating in more competitive markets are now responsible for most of what can be described as world prosperity. This is especially true in the wealthiest countries, but is also increasingly the case in those parts of the world where wealth remains rare and recent. The business contribution to economic progress arises from the ‘combination of opportunities and pressures’ that a competitive market economy generates. Ensuring that markets are really competitive and that new and small companies can enter them easily are key components of maximizing the benefits of market economies.Read more...
The following set of three articles come from the winners of CIPE's 2010 International Youth Essay Contest in the category of democracy that delivers. For more information about the essay contest, visit www.cipe.org/essay.
Arise o Nigerians!
Article at a glance
- Nigeria has a challenging history with democracy, particularly in the areas of elections, the press, and public opinion
- Youth participation in elections and improved dissemination of information are two ways that elections could be better shaped in Nigeria.
- Good governance and a more active and concerned citizenry could change attitudes towards democracy in Nigeria.
Making Politics Fun: Why Youth Empowerment is Important for Democracy
Shofwan Al Banna Choiruzzad
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In search of private enterprise, jobs, and economic growth
Ahmed Muhammad Sayyid was an Egyptian student with a university degree who had high hopes and aspirations for a successful career in tourism. Instead, he ended up living with his mother and working as a driver for less than $100 a month. Certainly, this was not the future to which he aspired, especially having higher education in a country where about one-third of the population is illiterate. Frustrated by his inability to get a job, make money, and start a family, Sayyid lost hope in himself and in the government’s ability to help him.
Sayyid is not alone. Millions of youth in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region enter the workforce with high hopes and cannot find jobs. Left on the sidelines of development, young people lose faith in governments and instead close themselves off from a society that has no place for them. They are the “generation in waiting,” confined to idleness in the streets and spend their time drinking tea, smoking arghileh, and waiting for jobs to arrive.Read more...
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Call for Items
CIPE welcomes articles submitted by readers. Most articles run between 3-7 pages (1000-3000 words), but all submissions relevant to CIPE's mission of building accountable, democratic institutions through market-oriented reform will be considered based on merit. Economic Reform Feature Service articles are primarily geared toward an international, non-academic community of businesspeople, economic reformers, and policy-makers. Specific policy recommendations and articles based on direct experience are encouraged. In addition to articles, we are willing to adapt suitable lectures, speeches, research notes, and academic papers.
Articles should be sent to: email@example.com.