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- This article summarizes the main barriers to entry and growth as experienced by entrepreneurs and business owners in Egypt and Tunisia, and looks at regional differences within each country, differences between formal and informal enterprises, and differences by gender of business owners.
- Top barriers to growth in 2013 were reported to be political instability and public disorder, administrative inefficiency, and restrained access to finance. Even among formal businesses, informal mechanisms often compensate for the absence of effective state institutions and the rule of law.
- Administrative reforms and deeper investments in infrastructure and human capital are needed to build the business-friendly ecosystem needed to generate jobs, grow the economy, and create opportunities for all citizens
When addressing corruption and transparency, international development organizations and projects tend to view civil society organizations as passive participants who advocate for action by government agencies but take no direct responsibility for reforming corrupt systems themselves. However, according to Alina Mungiu- Pippidi, professor of Democracy Studies at the National School of Administration and Political Science of Bucharest, “To date few successes have resulted from this investment [in anti-corruption projects]. Few anticorruption campaigns dare to attack the roots of corruption the distribution of power itself. Instead, anticorruption strategies are adopted and implemented in cooperation with the very predators who control the government and, in some cases, the anticorruption instruments themselves.”Read more...
Why Property Rights and Markets Matter
Property rights are among the most fundamental principles enshrined in Article 17 of the United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights and are constitutionally protected in most states. Despite this worldwide legal recognition of the importance of property rights to building peaceful, democratic, and prosperous societies, access to and protection of property rights vary greatly in practice. What is more, in many countries understanding of property rights often remains limited to property titles, without deeper appreciation of the underlying and interconnected institutions that allow property markets to function.Read more...
Women entrepreneurs around the world need access to finance, markets, and peer networks, whether they are in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, or the United States. In this article, three panelists from CIPE’s Democracy that Delivers for Women conference discuss their experiences with women entrepreneurs in those countries, highlighting opportunities, challenges, and resources. To listen to their stories in full, visit www.youtube.com/watch?v=7J_93Vmupjo.
Gayle Tzemach Lemmon: Entrepreneurship under the Taliban
When we think of stories of war, we rarely think of women. And yet, it is women who make sure there is a community to go back to when war is over. The narrative that we are used to sees women as victims of war to be pitied rather than as survivors of war to be respected. We overlook all that they do to make sure that families get through really impossible times.Read more...
CIPE: Definitions of corporate governance sometimes vary around the world. How is this term understood today in Russia as compared to other countries?
Roger Munnings: In Russia, “corporate governance” usually refers to the comprehensive systems and specific responsibilities by which an enterprise is directed, controlled, and managed on a day-to-day basis. In many Western countries, the term is used specifically and only for the control and direction of an enterprise and does not cover day-to-day management by full-time executives. In most Western models, direction and control of an enterprise is the responsibility of the board of directors and operational management of the enterprise is the responsibility of the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and his or her team.Read more...
The Cherie Blair Foundation for Women
The Cherie Blair Foundation for Women was set up in the United Kingdom in 2008 in response to Cherie’s experience traveling across the globe with husband, then-Prime Minister Tony Blair. During her travels, Cherie met with women around the world and realized that with the right support women can overcome the challenges they face and play an important part in their economies and societies.
Our aim is primarily to support women who are building their own businesses, specifically small and growing businesses, a level just above micro enterprise. The women we work with have bright ideas and are either at the beginning of their journey or are already running small businesses but are struggling to sustain their position or expand.Read more...
- Democratic Governance
- Access to Information
- Combating Corruption
- Business Association Development
- Corporate Governance
- Legal & Regulatory Reform
- Informal Sector & Property Rights
- Corporate Citizenship (CSR)
- South Asia
- Middle East & North Africa
- Latin America & the Caribbean
Call for Items
CIPE welcomes articles submitted by readers. Most articles run between 3-7 pages (1000-3000 words), but all submissions relevant to CIPE's mission of building accountable, democratic institutions through market-oriented reform will be considered based on merit. Economic Reform Feature Service articles are primarily geared toward an international, non-academic community of businesspeople, economic reformers, and policy-makers. Specific policy recommendations and articles based on direct experience are encouraged. In addition to articles, we are willing to adapt suitable lectures, speeches, research notes, and academic papers.
Articles should be sent to: firstname.lastname@example.org.