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Article at a glance
- The recently negotiated World Trade Organization Trade Facilitation Agreement will simplify customs procedures. A key outcome of these changes is less opportunity for corruption related to the import and export of goods.
- This article discusses key Articles of the Agreement and how each one reduces corruption risk.
- The long phase-in approach provided for in the Agreement, the flexibility afforded to developing countries, and the opportunity for technical assistance during implementation are additional factors that encourage adoption of the Agreement.
Moldova's Path to Reforms
In April 2009, flawed elections in Moldova triggered the so-called “Twitter revolution,” a wave of public protests made up primarily of young people that put Moldova in the global spotlight. As in the recent uprisings across the Middle East, the sources of Moldova’s widespread discontent were both political and economic in nature. Young people were shocked by the results of the election and suspected fraud since not many of them had voted for the winning Communist Party. Additionally, they were dissatisfied with Moldova’s economic development.Read more...
When addressing corruption and transparency, international development organizations and projects tend to view civil society organizations as passive participants who advocate for action by government agencies but take no direct responsibility for reforming corrupt systems themselves. However, according to Alina Mungiu- Pippidi, professor of Democracy Studies at the National School of Administration and Political Science of Bucharest, “To date few successes have resulted from this investment [in anti-corruption projects]. Few anticorruption campaigns dare to attack the roots of corruption the distribution of power itself. Instead, anticorruption strategies are adopted and implemented in cooperation with the very predators who control the government and, in some cases, the anticorruption instruments themselves.”Read more...
Why Property Rights and Markets Matter
Property rights are among the most fundamental principles enshrined in Article 17 of the United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights and are constitutionally protected in most states. Despite this worldwide legal recognition of the importance of property rights to building peaceful, democratic, and prosperous societies, access to and protection of property rights vary greatly in practice. What is more, in many countries understanding of property rights often remains limited to property titles, without deeper appreciation of the underlying and interconnected institutions that allow property markets to function.Read more...
Women entrepreneurs around the world need access to finance, markets, and peer networks, whether they are in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, or the United States. In this article, three panelists from CIPE’s Democracy that Delivers for Women conference discuss their experiences with women entrepreneurs in those countries, highlighting opportunities, challenges, and resources. To listen to their stories in full, visit www.youtube.com/watch?v=7J_93Vmupjo.
Gayle Tzemach Lemmon: Entrepreneurship under the Taliban
When we think of stories of war, we rarely think of women. And yet, it is women who make sure there is a community to go back to when war is over. The narrative that we are used to sees women as victims of war to be pitied rather than as survivors of war to be respected. We overlook all that they do to make sure that families get through really impossible times.Read more...
CIPE: Definitions of corporate governance sometimes vary around the world. How is this term understood today in Russia as compared to other countries?
Roger Munnings: In Russia, “corporate governance” usually refers to the comprehensive systems and specific responsibilities by which an enterprise is directed, controlled, and managed on a day-to-day basis. In many Western countries, the term is used specifically and only for the control and direction of an enterprise and does not cover day-to-day management by full-time executives. In most Western models, direction and control of an enterprise is the responsibility of the board of directors and operational management of the enterprise is the responsibility of the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and his or her team.Read more...
- Democratic Governance
- Access to Information
- Combating Corruption
- Business Association Development
- Corporate Governance
- Legal & Regulatory Reform
- Informal Sector & Property Rights
- Corporate Citizenship (CSR)
- South Asia
- Middle East & North Africa
- Latin America & the Caribbean
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