Tag Archives: Pakistan

Losing Steam: Scorecard Shows Slow Progress on Pakistan Economic Policies

pak-econ-scorecard

In 2013, Pakistan experienced its first peaceful transition between two elected, democratic governments. In another first, several parties, including the winning PML-N, produced a concrete manifesto outlining their planned economic policies. But citizens have no mechanism to regularly track what governments are doing towards achieving their election promises.

With CIPE support, the Policy Research Institute of Market Economy (PRIME), an independent economic think tank, has been monitoring progress on the government’s economic manifesto via a carefully designed scorecard. The results show that while the new government has made some progress, implementation of its election promises remains slow.

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Long Road Ahead for Gender Equality in Pakistan

Political leaders at a 2013 conference in Peshawar, Pakistan, calling for greater women's participation in politics. (Photo: Parliamentarians Network for Conflict Prevention)

Political leaders at a 2013 conference in Peshawar, Pakistan, call for better recognition of women in politics. (Photo: Parliamentarians Network for Conflict Prevention)

Fayyaz Bhidal is a CIPE-Atlas Corps Think Tank LINKS Fellow at the Atlantic Council.

As the world celebrates yet another international day dedicated to acknowledge and appreciate women’s social, economic, cultural and political contributions, women in Pakistan struggle for equal standing in deeply entrenched patriarchal society.

According to a recent article published in 24/7 Wall Street, Pakistan is only second to Yemen among the list of ten worst countries for women to be born in. Let’s look at the statistics in Pakistan:  there’s 21 percent gender based income gap; only a quarter of the national labor force are represented by women; and women receive 43 percent less educational opportunities compared to men. In terms of gender equity, Pakistan falls far behind even the war-torn countries of Syria and Sudan. Given that women form about half the total population, their access to health and education services and chances for social and economic growth seem minimal.

In terms of women’s political participation, Pakistan has registered some impressive progress as women constitute about twenty percent of the legislature in provincial and national houses. However, this fair share in power has not translated into better living and working opportunities for the women who are represented by their likes in the parliament. These female parliamentarians usually belong to the elite class of the country, thus their focus is more on maintaining the status quo rather than taking up issues for legislation against women’s sexual harassment or better access to education or healthcare. The little legislation that prevails in this regard is attributed to the efforts of civil society organizations.

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Public Private Dialogue: How Business Promotes Economic Development and Democratic Governance

ppd

The private sector is a key actor in efforts to promote economic growth, reform the business climate and strengthen democratic policymaking worldwide. Dialogue is a key part of the Busan process, which recognizes that the for-profit private sector is a central driver of development and emphasizes the importance of inclusive dialogue for building a policy environment conducive to sustainable development.” Businesses possess the know-how of economic conditions, obstacles and opportunities for growth, while governments have the means to pass business-friendly legislation.

From a democratic point of view, a vibrant private contribution to dialogue expands participation in policymaking by creating space for civic engagement in governance, improves the quality of business representation and supplements the performance of democratic institutions.

Building upon its longstanding experience in the field, CIPE has been invited to participate in the 7th Annual Public Private Dialogue Global Workshop organized by the World Bank, BMZ-The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, and GIZ in Frankfurt, Germany.

Senior Knowledge Manager Kim Bettcher will moderate a session on long term public private dialogue sustainability and the role of chambers of commerce and business associations. Director of Multiregional Programs Anna Nadgrodkiewicz will make a presentation on a new initiative between the CIPE, the World Bank Institute, and development partners on building an open and collaborative platform for public private dialogue resources.

CIPE has extensive experience in advancing policy dialogue around the world and supports market-oriented reform and private sector development by mobilizing representative business associations and strengthening their capacity to advocate for policy solutions. CIPE also invests in business association development that enables effective dialogue. Some regional success stories in public private dialogue are outlined in more detail below.

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Youth Entrepreneurship: The Way Out For Pakistan’s Economic and Social Suffering

Celebrating Global Entrepreneurship Week in Pakistan.

Celebrating Global Entrepreneurship Week in Pakistan.

Fayyaz Bhidal is a CIPE-Atlas Corps Think Tank LINKS Fellow at the Atlantic Council.

According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan 2010-11, out of labor force of 55 million people, over three million are unemployed or underemployed, and the official unemployment rate in urban areas is double that of rural areas.

Marred by an acute energy crisis, militancy, political instability and host of other issues, Pakistan’s annual GDP growth rate is stuck at little above three percent, while the population is increasing at a rate of over two percent per year. This means that every year, roughly two million people enter the labor force. If the current situation is unchanged, the unemployment rate in the country will rise precipitously in the years to come.

According to the Planning Commission of Pakistan, providing jobs to the unemployed — both existing and those entering the labor market every year — requires an annual GDP growth rate of nine percent. Given the fact that both industrial and agricultural sectors are observing negative growth in real terms, and largely uneducated youth cannot be absorbed into the relatively well performing services sector, there seems no way the government will be able to curb this ever-increasing unemployed population.

One of the ways out of this otherwise gloomy national economic picture is to promote youth entrepreneurship. For a society like Pakistan, youth entrepreneurship is a new concept, and will require some serious efforts for promotion to an extent where it will start contributing to annual GDP growth and for extending decent employment opportunities to the youth.

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Business Community Unites on Pakistan Budget Proposal

kcci presidents conference

“In a rare show of strength, top representatives of all the country’s chambers of commerce and industry gathered in Karachi and asked the government to revamp the tax collection system if it wants to increase revenue collection in the country.”Express Tribune

For the past five years, CIPE Pakistan has been supporting the All-Pakistan Chamber Presidents’ Conference organized by Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry. This conference has provided the business community an opportunity to assemble and a platform to advocate for policy reforms in the country with one voice.

Following in the footsteps this conference, Pakistan’s largest chamber, the Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry, organized a Chamber Presidents’ Conference focusing on bringing together leading chambers to submit a joint proposal for the forthcoming federal budget.

Considering the fact that Pakistan has one of the lowest tax to GDP ratios, which results in the government falling short of revenue and burdening those who already pay heavy taxes, participants of this conference remained focused on a single-point agenda “to work with government on increasing tax collection and reducing dependence on IMF loans.”

Zubair Motiwala, Co-President of the Pakistan-Afghanistan Chamber of Commerce & Industry said, “Our successive governments have followed a policy of divide and rule. But now that we are united here on one platform, no government can ignore us anymore.”

The conference was attended by the presidents of more than 18 chambers including those from Faisalabad, Lahore, Multan, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, Lasbela, Sukkur, and other cities and regions.

This was the first time that leading chambers have agreed to develop a unified budget proposal at least two months ahead of budget preparation. The proposal will be finalized at the next meeting, which will be hosted by Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce & Industry in April of this year.

The business community showed its determination to keep advocating for policy reforms to encourage economic revival in the country. Speaking at the occasion, Dr. Shimail Daud, President of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said;

“The unnecessary power of the bureaucracy should be curtailed for the good of the country’s economy. The business community from all four provinces of the country is working together for the most implementable and serious budget proposals and this time it will definitely bring results.”

Moin Fudda is Country Director for CIPE Pakistan.

Women’s Business Associations Come Together in South Asia

SA regional networking meeting

Last week in Colombo, Sri Lanka, CIPE held the fourth in its series of training and networking sessions for a group of women business leaders from across South Asia, helping bring about a range of positive steps – both for national understanding and increasing economic opportunity for traditionally marginalized women.

This network  includes participants from major and emerging chambers of commerce and business associations in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan. CIPE also invited two additional participants for this session from Papua New Guinea, because these women are just starting the process of establishing the first ever Women’s Chamber of Commerce and Industry in that country and requested CIPE’s assistance.

The idea to bring together representatives from these countries — particularly given the tensions between India and Pakistan, and the history between Bangladesh and Pakistan — was not guaranteed to succeed. But after the first three meetings, the first last winter in Dhaka, the second last spring in Kathmandu, and the third last September in Lahore, it has become clear that these women business leaders have grown closer, have learned from one another, are sharing ideas and information, and are finding ways to strengthen their organizations based on best practices learned from one another.

The Colombo workshop was a productive, inspiring, and an exciting two days of learning and networking. Below are some words from the participants about their experience at CIPE’s workshop:

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Holding Government Accountable in Pakistan

pak-econ-scorecard

For the first time since its independence in 1947, Pakistan saw its first ever peaceful transition from one democratically elected government to another in 2013.  While this was a remarkable success for Pakistani democracy, the country still lacked a process for holding civilian governments accountable for their electoral promises.

Working with economic think tank Policy Research Institute of Market Economy (PRIME), CIPE Pakistan initiated a project to monitor key economic promises made by the current government in its pre-election manifesto.

Through a consultative process, PRIME developed a scorecard to gauge the progress made by the government in the areas of economic revival, energy security, and social protection, focusing on 26 of the goals mentioned in the winning Pakistan Muslim League’s pre-election manifesto. Scores are based on a possible 10 points in each category, with the most thorough implementation earning the most points.

The first Scorecard report released on January 27 shows that the average score for the economic revival is 3.17 out of 10, energy security scored 4.16, and social protection scored 6. This report covered the period between June 2013-December 2013.

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