Tag Archives: information technology

Using Technology to Strengthen Civil Society in Cambodia

Photo: CIPE Staff

Photo: CIPE Staff

This year Heritage Foundation ranked Cambodia as 112th or “mostly unfree” in its 2016 Index of Economic Freedom. Though Cambodia’s management of public finances and trade have become notably more open and transparent, deep institutional and systemic challenges remain, in part due to weak property rights, pervasive corruption, and burdensome bureaucracy.

On the upside, Freedom House’s Freedom on the Net Index ranks Cambodia at 48th, partly free in regard to Internet freedom. Where traditional media is rigorously regulated, accessible social media and ICT apps present an opportunity for educating, advocating, and advancing positive reforms in Cambodia and the region more broadly.

CIPE, in tandem with Panoply Digital, a U.K.-based ICT for Development consulting firm, sought to seize this opportunity and advance the work of two partner organizations based in Cambodia. In its second training workshop in a series, CIPE and Panoply Digital presented tools for online research, professional development/open learning, communications, and online training courses to Silaka and the Cambodian Federation of Employers and Business Associations (CAMFEBA).

The tools and strategies outlined in this workshop are detailed in this month’s Economic Reform Feature Service article. In addition, CIPE has created a platform compiling resources for advocacy as well as membership development and services, financial management, and organizational management.

Stephanie Bandyk is a Program Assistant for Global Programs at CIPE.

Associations Must Innovate to Survive Digital Disruption

OBP Profile pic (hi-res)By Octavio Peralta

Digital disruption is turning the world on its head, and presenting opportunities as well as threats, to associations, chambers, societies, non-profits, and other membership organizations. As relationships develop online and social media opens up new ways to be part of many communities, many associations are faced with the prospect of having a less tightly-bound group or worse, losing their membership. On the other hand, greater connectivity leads to new models of membership and network collaborations.

The Philippine Council of Associations and Association Executives (PCAAE) www.pcaae.org will tackle this burning issue and other related topics designed to share association professionals’ and experts’ insights in creating innovative ways to deal with shifts in the digital age.

With the theme “Race to Innovation: Winning in the Age of Disruption,” the PCAAE Associations Summit 4 (AS4) is expected to draw about 200 association professionals here and abroad. The two-day summit is slated for November 23 to 24, 2016 at the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC) in Manila, and will feature local and international speakers who will share best practices in association and membership organization governance, leadership and management.

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Pakistan’s Cyber Crime Bill Has Free Speech Advocates and Business Community Worried

cyber-crime copy2

“The proposed Prevention of Electronic Crime Act 2015, in my opinion, is even worse than the one we advocated against during the Musharraf era.  The fact that the Ministry of IT&T felt the need to operate in complete secrecy over the past year clearly indicates the mindset with which this draft has been put together. P@SHA, ISPAK, legal cybercrime experts and civil society were not called in for a consultation.”
– Jehan Ara, President Pakistan Software Houses Association for IT and ITES (P@SHA)

Pakistan has a long history of suppressing the freedom of speech. Democratically elected governments have left the popular video site YouTube blocked since 2012. Twitter was blocked in the same year and in 2010 a court order forced government to block every social media site in the country on the pretext of preventing the distribution of blasphemous content.

Even with this background, the current government’s “Prevention of Electronic Crimes Bill 2015” has civil society, business, the information technology sector, and the media deeply worried about the future of online freedom of speech and Pakistan’s information technology industries.

The proposed bill aims to rectify the lack of legislation pertaining to cyber-crime. While the government argues that the bill had undergone a public consultative process, stakeholders are of the view that since government has not shared the final version of the bill, it may contain clauses that will infringe upon the right to online speech. Representatives of Pakistan’s information technology sector have strongly criticized previous drafts of the bill.

“Just a quick look at the clauses and sections in this Act shows that very little thought went into its drafting,” said Jehan Ara, president of P@SHA. “The definitions are weak, the language is loose and vague and leaves much to interpretation, and it criminalizes all sorts of activities that do not even fall within the gambit of this Bill.”

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Pakistan’s Future: Youth Entrepreneurship in the Tech Industry

P@SHA workshop with Jawwad Ahmed Farid (center) and Karachi School for Business & Leadership students.

P@SHA workshop with Jawwad Ahmed Farid (center) and Karachi School for Business & Leadership students.

What are the necessary steps to take an idea from conception into a commercial reality? How do you strategize and pitch a business idea to a potential investor? How do you select good talent and put together a team? According to CIPE partner Pakistan Software Houses Association for IT & ITES (P@SHA), young aspiring entrepreneurs in Pakistan are full of questions like these.

Entrepreneurs are desperately needed for Pakistan’s future. The country currently faces two significant challenges: a youth bulge and a slow growth.

Today, youth under the age of 30 make up an astonishing two-thirds of the total population.  Coupled with this is a slow economy—Pakistan is experiencing limited GDP growth—and the business community and the public sector simply cannot provide enough jobs for employable youth. As a way to address these issues, P@SHA led an eight-month youth entrepreneurship program targeting university students in the technology field.

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Public Hearing of E-Crime Law – P@SHA Advocacy Efforts Start Reaping Benefits

P@SHA President Jehan Ara at the Pakistan IT & ITES Sector Business Agenda launch event in October 2009. (photo: CIPE)

P@SHA President Jehan Ara speaking at the Pakistan IT & ITES Sector Business Agenda launch event in October 2009. (photo: CIPE)

CIPE has been supporting advocacy efforts of the Pakistan Software Houses Association (P@SHA). As a result of over 18 months of consultative efforts by P@SHA, legislative issues hampering the growth of the Information Technology (IT) and Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) sector in Pakistan were identified. On October 5th, 2009, this process led P@SHA to prepare and launch the IT & ITES Sector Business Agenda for Pakistan.

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